لا بد من إشراك المغتربين لإطلاق الطاقات البشرية غير المستغلة خاصةً وقت الأزمات
اظهرت دراسة لمجموعة البنك الدولي في مطلع العام 2017 حول الدور الذي يمكن أن يلعبه المغتربون في تعزيز التكامل الاقليمي والاقتصادي ونشرت تحت عنوان "حشد جهود المغتربين من منطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا من أجل تحقيق التكامل الاقتصادي وريادة الأعمال" أن المغتربين من بلدان الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا يمكنهم القيام بدور بالغ الأهمية في تعزيز التكامل الإقليمي وريادة الأعمال والنمو الاقتصادي في المنطقة، كما يمكنهم مساعدة بلدانهم على أن تصبح من الأطراف الفاعلة الرئيسية في الاقتصاد العالمي.
Over the past decade, the MENA region has experienced considerable economic and population growth, which is only expected to continue in the future. The demand for power in this diverse region (comprised of energy importers and exporters) is expanding between 3% and 8% annually. In fact, the demand for energy is rising so rapidly in the Arab world that even countries which have traditionally exported energy in the past are facing the prospect of becoming energy importers themselves. The following figure shows the increasing demand for electricity overtime in the Arab region, especially in the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Midde East Business
The conflict in Syria has inspired a new wave of innovative youths to tap into unexplored fields, producing new ideas and embracing new business models- 17.6 percent of Syrian youth tried to work on startup ideas on 2014; in 2015, the figure climbed to 31.2 percent.
This is one of many findings from a report I published today to highlight the experiences and needs of Syrian entrepreneurs in the country during the conflict to sum up the results of five years of work to build an effective entrepreneurial ecosystem in Syria.
The report draws on data from a study examining the views and experiences over a period of twelve months of research, during which 268 interviews were conducted with Syrians entrepreneurs. The study also included an open discussion and series of interviews with entrepreneurs experts as well as insights from local startups.
This report identifies 10 main challenges facing entrepreneurs who have launched or are planning to launch their startups inside the country, outlines research findings on the overall situation of entrepreneurship sector in Syria.
By identifying its characteristics and problems, it offers a host of possible solutions that could be considered in trying to overcome the obstacles posed by this lingering conflict as well as providing a deeper look at the motives behind seeing more female entrepreneurs join the market.
Entrepreneurship in Conflict Zones 2017, Middle East News.
اقتصاد المعرفة في العالم العربي والتجارة الإلكترونية: هل نحن في صدد التحول من اقتصاد "تناظري" الى الاقتصاد الرقمي؟27 Nov 2016
ايمن ابو الخير
هل نحن في مرحلة اجتياز الاقتصادي المهيمن القائم على أساس المصانع الكبيرة والشركات متعددة الجنسيات إلى عالم يقوم على حرية الاختيار، الذي سيتمكن فيه الكيانات الصغيرة من المنافسة مع الشركات الكبيرة،وبالتالي ستساهم في تشكيل اقتصاد المستقبل؟ هل نحن فعلا بصدد عبور الاقتصاد "التناظري" الحقيقي الى الاقتصاد الافتراضي، ام ان الانتقال سيكون من الاقتصاد الافتراضي الى الاقتصاد الحقيقي؟
By Ayman Abualkhair
Are we in a stage of passing the dominant economic age, based on large factories and multinational companies, to a world predicated on freedom of choice, in which small entities would have the potential to compete with large companies, and hence shape the future economy? Are we crossing the age of a real economy to a virtual one, or is it moreover transitioning from a virtual economy to a real economy?
Economy of Syria
Syria is a middle-income country with a diversified economy based on agriculture, industry, and energy. Agriculture contributes some 17 percent of Syria's GDP, compared to over 24 percent from industry, including oil, and around 54 percent from services.
According to IMF data, the Syrian economy expanded by 3.4 percent in 2010 after growing 5.9 percent in 2009.
The oil sector contributes about 20 per cent of the government’s revenues and about 40 per cent of its export receipts, according to data from the World Bank. Oil, exports of services and remittances are the main sources of foreign earnings and enable the government to finance its imports.
The Syrian economy is totally exhausted after several years of revolution. All economic indicators are in the red in the violence-ravaged country. GDP has collapsed, inflation has skyrocketed, unemployment has risen, and the current account deficit continues to widen.
These problems are compounded by EU sanctions, especially on the export of oil. The Syrian Center for Policy Research estimated that GDP has contracted 3.7% in 2011 and 18.8% in 2012 against original projections of an increase of 7.1% and 5.6%, respectively.
Other indices are faring no better. Per capita income was forecast to drop from $4,784 in 2010 to $3050 in 2012. The budget deficit was forecast to grow significantly, and public debt, which represented 22.6 percent of GDP in 2010, was expected to exceed 50 percent in 2012 due to a 40 percent decrease in budget revenues and a 20 percent increase in spending.
The Syrian economy is running at 30 percent capacity, and the banking system in the shadows. Public banks are under international sanctions, and private establishments are idling due to caution. The currency has eroded in value 50 percent against the dollar during the first two years of the turmoil despite two sales of $3 billion in gold and silver by the Central Bank. Total reserves, which stood at $19.5 billion, were predicted to fall to $9.6 billion in 2012 according to EIU estimates.
The negative social and economic consequences of the violence are expected to have long-term consequences. The population growth has shrunk from 2.45% growth in 2010 to 2.5% shrinkage in 2012, with much of the educated, professional population taking flight.
It is also worth noting the impact that sanctions have had on ordinary Syrian citizens. An estimated 28.3% of the first two years’ GDP loss is due to sanctions. Out of the 3.1 million newly poor individuals, 877,000 can be attributed to the effect of sanctions. Exports declined by 52% for Arab countries, 93% for EU countries, and 82% for Turkey. The sanctions make it much more difficult for Syria to import essential goods, including fuel and medicines, making these a luxury for many.
Area: 185,180 sq km
Age Distribution (2012 est.)
All non-Syrian and non-Arabic passport holders require visas. These can be obtained from the consulates abroad.